Tuesday, February 16, 2010

The magic of sub-editors

In the print version of my Times article today there's been significant cutting to get it to fit into the space available. This is the magic work of sub-editors.

Here's the full text of the article with the words that remained in the sub-edited version (which appeared in the paper):

The history of science is filled with stories of amateur scientists who made significant contributions. In 1937 the American amateur astronomer Grote Reber built a pioneering dish-shaped radio telescope in his back garden and produced the first radio map of the sky. And in the 19th century the existence of dominant and recessive genes was described by a priest, Gregor Mendel, after years of experimentation with pea plants.

But with the advent of powerful home computers, even the humble amateur like myself can make a contribution.

Using my laptop and my knowledge of computer programming I accidentally uncovered errors in temperature data released by the Met Office that form part of the vital records used to show that the climate is changing. Although the errors don’t change the basic message of global warming, they do illustrate how open access to data means that many hands make light work of replicating and checking the work of professional scientists.

After e-mails and documents were taken from the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia late last year, the Met Office decided to release global thermometer readings stretching back to 1850 that they use to show the rise in land temperatures. These records hadn’t been freely available to the public before, although graphs drawn using them had.

Apart from seeing Al Gore’s film An Inconvenient Truth I’d paid little attention to the science of global warming until the e-mail leaks from UEA last year.

I trusted the news stories about the work of the IPCC, but I thought it would be a fun hobby project to write a program to read the Met Office records on global temperature readings and draw the sort of graphs (a graph) that show(ing) how it’s hotter now than ever before.

Since my training is in mathematics and computing I thought it best to write self-checking code: I’m unfamiliar with the science of climate change(climate science) and so having my program perform internal checks for consistency was vital to making sure I didn’t make a mistake.

To my surprise the program complained about average temperatures in Australia and New Zealand. At first I assumed I’d made a mistake in the code and used (having checked the results with) a pocket calculator to double check the calculations.

The result was unequivocal: something was wrong with the average temperature data in Oceania. And I also stumbled upon other small errors in calculations.

About a week after I’d told the Met Office about these problems I received a response confirming that I was correct: a problem in the process of updating Met Office records had caused the wrong average temperatures to be reported. Last month the Met Office updated their public temperature records to include my corrections.

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Blogger Michael S. said...

What was the actual problem you discovered? That the average was calculated incorrectly from the raw data?

1:51 PM  
Blogger John Graham-Cumming said...

A large number (for the region) of averages were incorrectly calculated, and a small number of standard deviations were missing.

3:18 PM  
Blogger PaulH said...

Ah yes, the "limited space" world of the dead-tree media. ;-)

4:36 PM  
Blogger JohnNWFS said...

I've always heard of but never seen just how much an article can change from creation to physically being published. Thanks for the added insight into the process. Fascinating!

5:51 PM  
Blogger Daniel Tenner said...

You call that magic? Seems to me they basically castrated your article and left only a dry, sterile husk.

12:41 PM  
Blogger John Graham-Cumming said...

Well they had to do that for the space, but the full thing was online.

12:42 PM  
Blogger silburnl said...


I disagree - I think the sub did an excellent job digesting and sharpening the key points of the original text in order to fit it into the space that was made available to them.


3:32 PM  

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